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NASA and ISRO join hands for future Mars missions.

shriram | 1st October 2014 | Business And Economy
NASA and ISRO join hands for future Mars missions.

    NASA and ISRO have agreed to cooperate on future explorations of Mars, which America believes will yield "tangible benefits" to both the countries and the world at large.

While attending the International Astronautical Congress in Toronto, the two space agency leaders, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Administrator Charles Bolden and K Radhakrishnan, chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), met to discuss and sign a charter that establishes a NASA-ISRO Mars working group to investigate enhanced cooperation between the two countries in Mars exploration.
They signed two documents to launch a NASA-ISRO satellite mission to observe Earth and establish a pathway for future joint missions to explore Mars and also signed an international agreement that defines how the two agencies will work together on the NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) mission, targeted to launch in 2020.
The joint NISAR Earth-observing mission will make global measurements of the causes and consequences of land surface changes, while the potential areas of research include ecosystem disturbances, ice sheet collapse and natural hazards.
NISAR will be the first satellite mission to use two different radar frequencies (L-band and S-band) to measure changes in our planet's surface less than a centimeter across. This allows the mission to observe a wide range of changes, from the flow rates of glaciers and ice sheets to the dynamics of earthquakes and volcanoes.
NASA will provide the mission's L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), a high-rate communication subsystem for science data, GPS receivers, a solid state recorder, and a payload data subsystem. ISRO will provide the spacecraft bus, an S-band SAR, and the launch vehicle.
Both agencies have newly arrived spacecraft in Mars orbit, NASA's Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN.


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